Fiqh Council Eidul Fitr Announcement
The Fiqh Council of North America recognizes astronomical calculation as an acceptable Shar’i method for determining the beginning of Lunar months including the months of Ramadan and Shawwal. FCNA uses the criteria of European Council of Fatwa and Research (ECFR), which are that somewhere on the globe, at the sunset, the elongation should be at least 8 degrees and moon should be at least 5 degrees above horizon. If these conditions are met, the new crescent will be visible somewhere on earth. Hence the new lunar month will start the next day, otherwise it will start on the day following next day.
On the basis of this method the date of Eidul Fitr for the year 1441 AH is established as follows:
The Astronomical New Moon is on Friday, May 22, 2020 at 17:40 Universal Time. On that day there is no place on earth where at sunset the elongation is 8 degrees and moon is 5 degrees above the sun. Therefore Shawwal 1441 cannot start the next day. Hence first day of Shawwal is on Sunday, May 24, 2020, insha’Allah.
Eid al Fitr Prayer:
It may not be possible to organize large Eid al Fitr prayers this year due to COVID 19. Therefore, families shall do Eid prayers at home. The Eid Khutbah is not required. People can listen to virtual Eid reflections from their local masjids. The Eid prayer can be offered any time after sunrise and before noon on Sunday, May 24, 2020. Please fulfil the Sunan of Eid such as taking bath, putting on the best clothes and perfume, reciting recommended Takbeerat and eating some dates or sweet before Eid prayer. Please share gifts with one another especially with children. Visit friends and families not physically but from a distance. Please follow the state instructions such as face masks, social distancing and hand sanitizers. The Fiqh Council does not recommend holding of large Eid prayers at masjids or at open places such as parks, stadiums or soccer fields. There is a great danger of viral transmission via large social gatherings and the community must avert such dangers.
May Allah SWT accept our acts of obedience, forgive us and take this pandemic away from us. Eid al Fitr Mubarak to you all.
Prepared by Dr. Zulfiqar Ali Shah