By the Fiqh Council of North America
“O you who believe, fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint.” Qur’an 2: 183
The Fiqh Council of North America recognizes astronomical calculation as an acceptable Shar’i method for determining the beginning of Lunar months including the months of Ramadan and Shawwal. FCNA uses the criteria of the European Council of Fatwa and Research (ECFR), which are that somewhere on the globe, at the sunset, the elongation should be at least 8 degrees and moon should be at least 5 degrees above horizon. If these conditions are met, then it is certain that the moon is above the horizon and will be visible somewhere on the globe. Hence the new lunar month will start the next day, otherwise it will start on the day following next.On the basis of this the dates of Ramadan and Eidul Fitr are established.
May Allah (SWT) keep us on the right path and accept our fasting and prayers. Ameen. For Eidul Adha, the Fiqh Council of North America decided that the determination of the date of Eidul Adha will be contingent on the announcement by the Hajj authorities in Makkah of the day of ‘Arafah, in which case Eidul Adha will be the day following the day of ‘Arafah. Ramadan 1444 AH: The Astronomical New Moon is on Tuesday, March 21, 2023, at 17:23 Universal Time. On that day, there is no place on earth where at sunset the elongation is 8 degrees and moon is 5 degrees above the sun. So, the first day of Ramadan 1444 is on Thursday, March 23, 2023, insha’Allah. Tarawih prayer will start on Wednesday night.Eidul-Fitr 1444 AH: The Astronomical New Moon is on Thursday, April 20, 2023, at 4:12 Universal Time. On April 20, the elongation is more than 8 degrees and moon is more than 5 degrees above the sun everywhere in North America. Hence the first day of Shawwal is on Friday, April 21, 2023, insha’Allah. Expected date for Eidul-Adha 1444 AH: Based on Saudi Ummul-Qura Calendar is Wednesday, June 28, 2023